Bow Hunting

Ok so here is the break down – new Compound bow archers should be concerned with adjust-ability, meaning what the bow offers you to get comfortable with archery by having adjust able draw length, and adjust able pull weight also known as Draw weight. These bows listed will have some form of adjustable Draw Weight, but not all will have adjustable Draw Length.  So to find out what your Draw length is – have someone measure your wing span tip to tip of your fingers. not finger nails…. then divide that number by 2.5  Also keep in mind all these bows can be Turned DOWN in poundage to pull back by adjusting the limb screw, and you can lower the 40lbs draw weight to 30 lbs.
Diamond archery is a entry level product , they offer a good product to get into archery and hunt with too. This model has both Draw length, and Draw weight adjust-ability.
MSRP 399. comes with Covered Quiver , bow sight, and is a Ready to Shoot product – all you need is arrows, release and a target.  it comes in different finishes
next is Bow Tech, owners of Diamond archery.
They make a great intermediate level product this bow linked here is Offered in Different Draw Weights, meaning – if you get the 40 lbs version of this, it will not go above that poundage to pull it.
This is also a READY to shoot version meaning all you need is arrows, release and a target. it comes in different finishes.
next is PSE
They offer 2 lines of products, the Main line – meaning for general public and the Pro line
From the Main line – The PSE Fever is a Ready to Shoot product – all you need is arrows, release and a target.  it comes in different finishes
at it’s price point is offer’s metal limb pockets, so it will last but this product just like the Bow tech bow comes in 40 lbs, 50lbs, and 60lbs so if you get the 40 lbs bow it can only be turned down to 30lbs.
The pro series bows min draw weight is 50 lbs on them so until you can pull 50 it’s not worth looking into.
next is Hoyt
They offer all there products in 40lbs just and can be adjusted lower. New for this year 2014 they put out the ignite and this product has both draw length and draw weight adjust ability, this is perfect for the whole family, because with just an simple Allen tool, you can set the bow up for someone else to shoot in a matter of mins. this also comes in a Ready to shoot package called the ignite package. This is the one I brought to class and had Sadie demonstrate for us.
This is my personal bow @70 lbs limbs. I swapped to 50 lbs limbs because of the shoulder surgery
next is Mathews
They offer 2 products that will go down to 40 lbs – This product is nice but it can be heavy , also they do not offer a ready to shoot version but offer it in 40 lbs. so it can be turned down to 30lbs draw weight. this product you will need to by all accessories. Bow Sight, quiver, peep, stabilizer, arrows, ect.
ok so out of all these What you want to look for is a product with a nice “Brace height” , what Brace Height does is make’s the arrow fly straighter at the launch because it is being supported more by the arrow rest, and the nock point. It is what people call a more forgiving bow if you have a larger brace height.  yes you can tell the difference between 6″ brace , and a 7″ brace. when you get to 6 3/4″ and 7″ it’s hard to tell between the two, but  when shooting longer distances the sacrifice is speed – with larger number brace height, you loose speed.  so that’s the trade off, once you get proficient in archery you can get a different bow with a smaller brace height, and your accuracy becomes more of a focus point because your arrow has a smaller brace height to shoot from.
most SPEED bows are around 6″ brace height – most Hunting and forgiving bows are around 7″ brace height, and YES that 1 inch make’s a huge difference when you get proficient.
Now that you have your hunters license and tags you already have your compound bow, keep in mind not everybody is capable of pulling back 40 pounds to meet minimum weight for your state to go hunting. Now the manufacturers have noticed that and have made products on the market as of this year actually to help people get up to the required poundage without having to buy another bow or different accessories to make their bow meet those minimums. Hoyt has the Ignite which is capable of being adjusted and has the flexibility for different people. PSE is another bow manufacturer that is doing this as well. And so is Bowtech.

Go ahead and ask any real hunter, what is the two most important things you look for when buying a product. You ask the real hunters that are hiking three and a half to seven miles to go hunt and hike back with the animals. The people that are using horses to pack in and  pack out their harvest, ask them what are the two important things you look for in a product.

Hands down if they do not say dependable and lightweight or durable and lightweight or reliable and lightweight they’re not a real hunter. they’re either a keyboard hero or they’re a hunter that hunts from the side of the road. And unfortunately because of how difficult it is to get to big game a lot of people don’t educated themselves enough to know the hard work it takes to be successful in the field. Weight savings will be your Achilles heel…

Importance of a good back pack, bevy suit, tent, gear is critical when it comes to back country hunting. unfortunately because the good products are good, we pay a premium. I will pay 100 bucks more if I can lose 2 oz’s or more… that’s splitting hairs but the reality is I save that money into energy over the life of the product in the field. When you sleep with the animals and they move, you have to pick up and move quickly and quietly as they do.
To give you an idea of my compound bow, carbon Spyder turbo this year shoots 350 feet per second it is the fastest bow hoyt has ever developed and produced. Speed is your friend you want to get that arrow as fast as possible to the target minimizing the likelihood of the animal moving and miss placing your shot.
one of the products I would like to bring to your attention is something that will help you shoot more consistently and accurately . Iq bowsight with retina lock technology. This was the first bow sight that I bought that actually helped me shoot properly because it made sure that my bow was not torqued in one direction or another and I would have the perfect shot everytime.  It builds muscle memory… making you Anchor in your position every time.  retina lock technology when set up for you, is a no brainer look through your bow sight look at the green dot,  Make sure it’s centered, look right below it for your PIN for yardage / distance,  look below that for your level , and then release. Its a 123 and fire process. Do not buy the PRO version – it’s a smaller green dot and it’s for target archery. Target archery is not the same as hunting archery and the products reflect it. hunters need to see a good sight picture –  Sight picture is important
These bow sights are what us western hunter like to use because it has an adjustable bottom pin to give us the flexibility to shoot out to 80 yards and beyond. that’s really why these products were designed and made is because the standard fixed pin sites are very limited in distance. Our compound bows are capable now today of shooting pass 100 yards…
Another manufacturer a bow sight is Black Gold. The ascent, this is a neat product because it has adjustability for yardage with 3 pin or 4 pin configuration.
Another bow sight manufacturer is spot hog these bow sights are fixed sights but they’re made out of the aircraft aluminum and they are expensive because of the fiber optic cables to use to make their pins brighter.
Another bow sight manufacturer is archery extreme products they actually make a carbon fiber bow sight that is very lightweight and optics on it are very bright as well but it does not have the adjustable yardage that black gold or spot-hogg has.
Another bow sight manufacture is Trijicon this is the only manufacturer that makes one sku of the bow sight  products.  they offer it in different camo patterns. Single pin adjustable yardage with a dial on the side you adjust your yardage .
Another bow sight is called trophy Ridge. This manufacturer is already in your stores, they make a variety of products mass made honestly they are a good company, and they make good products . They’re single pane react one is unique

onto arrows!

Surprisingly there are quite a few arrow companies but only a few Arrow manufacturers. The largest by far is Easton, their arrows are top of the line and were used in the Olympics since forever. People tend to buy the wrong product for what they are intending on doing. For instance somebody will go to the store and buy a six pack of arrows that are fiberglass archery target arrows. What’s going to happen is they’ll go out and go hunting with them and they will shoot an animal but only wound it because they were not using the proper broad heads on their target arrows! I can go into so many stories with what I have personally seen here locally as well as nationally of errors that people have made when it comes to archery.

So with that said you always use the right product for what you’re going to be doing, you do not use target arrows for hunting big game they will not work. You can use them if you have the proper field broadhead on the end of them and they are making meet your States minimum requirement for overall total arrow weight .

Arrow manufacturers –
Ok the anatomy of an arrow, today’s arrows that hunters use as well as most target archers is carbon . Some manufacturers make a composite arrow that is made out of carbon graphite and aluminum Easton is known for this and it is a fantastic arrow with great penetration the only downfall to this arrow is that its weight decreases the speed at which it flies. Arrows are personal opinion and the accessories you can put on a narrow vary from different colors of arrow vanes and different weights for the insert tip broadhead as well as the rear knock can be lighted! So to break it down easily we’ll start with the tip, quote “just the tip! ” Traditionally we use field points for practice they are the same diameter as the shaft we shoot generally and they screw into an insert that is glued into the carbon shaft. Once you’re done practicing with the field points in your ready to go hunting then you will switch to a broad head which has razor blades.
       This is for cutting tissue and vital organs when hunting big game.  Continuing down the shaft the next accessory that helps stabilize the arrow in flight is called the arrow vanes. Usually there are three veins on the arrow some people put four but the standard is generally 3. They come in a variety of colors lengths sizes and shapes. The longer the vein the more stable the arrow will be in flight at longer distances. The shorter the vein the less stable it is at longer distances. Longer distances meaning in excess of 45 yards. The masses of public attention to the shorter blazer vane has made it is staple throughout the industry with only two and a half inches in length and about a half inch in height it provides enough stability at short yards and still lightweight it is a great design. You will not notice much difference between a for inch vane and a 2-inch vane at shorter distances. It’s only at longer distances will the 4 inch of vane Outperform the 2 inch vane.

Continuing down to the end of the shaft is the knock. This is where we connect the arrow to the string, the NOC itself comes in a variety of shapes sizes and weights. And what you’re looking for in a knock is something that is going to hold the arrow strongly on the string but yet still release when shot so what people end up using is a plastic knock which is perfectly fine the downfall to this is they are easily broken. Inexpensive and made for the masses they’re relatively cheap being 10 bucks for a dozen. I use a bushing on the end of my shaft with a pin knock and what that offers is wait in the back to help balance the arrow in flight, a little bit of protection of the shaft in case I Robin Hood.

So the last thing I want to talk about heroes it is the spine and  straightness . By the sounds of them you would think they are the same thing but unfortunately they mean two different things when it comes to arrows. the straightness of an arrow is usually categorized and written on it in thousands. IE: .006 is a common greatness that is made for the masses to get into archery. The best arrows have a straightness of. 001 what this number means to you is that the product is extremely straight. So the base of your archery has a good foundation for being consistently on target. when shot out of your Bow you’re not going to have any deviation and its flight path. When you start shooting archery consistently for over a year you can tell the difference between straightness is of arrows.. Yes .003 is noticeable!

Now we’re going to talk about spine, spine is unique , it is the amount of flex in a narrow between end to end when shot out of a bow. If you do not have enough spine it is actually possible for your arrow to break when being shot out of yourBow. For instance if you have a 600 level spine arrow and you shoot it out of a 70 pound bow the arrow will break. And cause catastrophic failure! So it’s important to know what’s spine you need on your arrow. Generally speaking 300 level spines are good for 70 pound bows. Each arrow manufacturer will make difference spines for different poundages of bows.

Terms you need to know – and what they do for YOU

  • Arrow final weight = total arrow weight in grains (some states like Washington state require you to make min 300 grains , or 6 grains per lb of draw weight what ever is higher!)  (example 6 g x 70 lbs draw = 420 g final arrow weight 6 g x 60 lbs = 360 final arrow weight)
  • Nock bushing = small hollow aluminum bushing to protect the rear of the arrow. (it fits between nock and arrow shaft)
  • Pin bushing = small aluminum solid pin Bushing. (it fits between nock and arrow shaft)
  • Pin nock = open-ended and hollow knock to be slid on top of pin Bushing then other end attaches to the string
  • today’s arrows use plastic veins instead of the traditional feathers to help stabilize the arrow during flight.
  • Vein = thin flexible plastic that is glued near the end of the arrow to help aid in flight
  • Helical veins = veins glued onto the shaft with a twist in them To promote rotational spin
  • Nock = usually made out of plastic and inserted into the back of the arrow this is where your string connects
  • Insert = aluminum or brass piece that is glued into the front of the shaft where the tip is screwed into.
  • arrow wrap = usually made out of self adhesive vinyl material that is stretchable to wrap around the end of the arrow before the veins are glued or applied to the shaft.
  • Field Point= practice tips that you would use for archery.they screw Into the insert
  • Broad heads = extremely sharp and dangerous used for hunting they screw onto the tip in replacement of field Points.
  • Spine = The amount of flex in the arrow
  • Straightness = the building block of the arrow – how straight from the manufacturing process the arrow is.   .001 is the best = most are .003 to .015 !!!!

F.O.C.  = Front of Center balance point.

This measurement results from the relative weights of the components used in / on the arrow: shaft, insert, head, fletching, and nock.  F.O.C. value range of 7-15 % is widely used as the best for a good balance between arrow range and arrow flight stability. If your calculated F.O.C. doesn’t fall with this range, don’t stress out. You can still have good arrow flight with an F.O.C. as high as 18 percent, but your range will not be as good. Try not to go below 7 percent.

Weight: If you’re concerned about your finished arrow weight or your F.O.C. balance it’s worth mentioning that your choice and size of fletching material will have a significant impact on both of those attributes.  Since all of that weight is going to be concentrated in the rear of the arrow, heavy fletching material means a you’ll also need more tip weight to maintain a good F.O.C. balance.

What should you be looking for?


It is generally agreed that the optimal F.O.C.% balance for an arrow is somewhere between 7% and 15%. In the example on the above, the 30″ long arrow has balance point that is 3″ forward of the arrow’s actual center (15″). So it’s F.O.C. is 3/30 or 10% – a reasonable F.O.C. balance.

how to figure out a F.O.C. you can do this 2 ways; manually or with a Calculator = just use the calculator it’s much easier

How much Kinetic energy do you need? here is a good guide to go by – between 25 and 65 is great for all big and small game.


Remember the more arrow weight / mass = slower speeds


The anatomy of the front end of an arrow


The anatomy of the back end of an arrow