Go ahead and ask any real hunter, what is the two most important things you look for when buying a product. You ask the real hunters that are hiking three and a half to seven miles to go hunt and hike back with the animals. The people that are using horses to pack in and pack out their harvest, ask them what are the two important things you look for in a product.
Hands down if they do not say dependable and lightweight or durable and lightweight or reliable and lightweight they’re not a real hunter. they’re either a keyboard hero or they’re a hunter that hunts from the side of the road. And unfortunately because of how difficult it is to get to big game a lot of people don’t educated themselves enough to know the hard work it takes to be successful in the field. Weight savings will be your Achilles heel…
Surprisingly there are quite a few arrow companies but only a few Arrow manufacturers. The largest by far is Easton, their arrows are top of the line and were used in the Olympics since forever. People tend to buy the wrong product for what they are intending on doing. For instance somebody will go to the store and buy a six pack of arrows that are fiberglass archery target arrows. What’s going to happen is they’ll go out and go hunting with them and they will shoot an animal but only wound it because they were not using the proper broad heads on their target arrows! I can go into so many stories with what I have personally seen here locally as well as nationally of errors that people have made when it comes to archery.
So with that said you always use the right product for what you’re going to be doing, you do not use target arrows for hunting big game they will not work. You can use them if you have the proper field broadhead on the end of them and they are making meet your States minimum requirement for overall total arrow weight .
Continuing down to the end of the shaft is the knock. This is where we connect the arrow to the string, the NOC itself comes in a variety of shapes sizes and weights. And what you’re looking for in a knock is something that is going to hold the arrow strongly on the string but yet still release when shot so what people end up using is a plastic knock which is perfectly fine the downfall to this is they are easily broken. Inexpensive and made for the masses they’re relatively cheap being 10 bucks for a dozen. I use a bushing on the end of my shaft with a pin knock and what that offers is wait in the back to help balance the arrow in flight, a little bit of protection of the shaft in case I Robin Hood.
So the last thing I want to talk about heroes it is the spine and straightness . By the sounds of them you would think they are the same thing but unfortunately they mean two different things when it comes to arrows. the straightness of an arrow is usually categorized and written on it in thousands. IE: .006 is a common greatness that is made for the masses to get into archery. The best arrows have a straightness of. 001 what this number means to you is that the product is extremely straight. So the base of your archery has a good foundation for being consistently on target. when shot out of your Bow you’re not going to have any deviation and its flight path. When you start shooting archery consistently for over a year you can tell the difference between straightness is of arrows.. Yes .003 is noticeable!
Terms you need to know – and what they do for YOU
- Arrow final weight = total arrow weight in grains (some states like Washington state require you to make min 300 grains , or 6 grains per lb of draw weight what ever is higher!) (example 6 g x 70 lbs draw = 420 g final arrow weight 6 g x 60 lbs = 360 final arrow weight)
- Nock bushing = small hollow aluminum bushing to protect the rear of the arrow. (it fits between nock and arrow shaft)
- Pin bushing = small aluminum solid pin Bushing. (it fits between nock and arrow shaft)
- Pin nock = open-ended and hollow knock to be slid on top of pin Bushing then other end attaches to the string
- today’s arrows use plastic veins instead of the traditional feathers to help stabilize the arrow during flight.
- Vein = thin flexible plastic that is glued near the end of the arrow to help aid in flight
- Helical veins = veins glued onto the shaft with a twist in them To promote rotational spin
- Nock = usually made out of plastic and inserted into the back of the arrow this is where your string connects
- Insert = aluminum or brass piece that is glued into the front of the shaft where the tip is screwed into.
- arrow wrap = usually made out of self adhesive vinyl material that is stretchable to wrap around the end of the arrow before the veins are glued or applied to the shaft.
- Field Point= practice tips that you would use for archery.they screw Into the insert
- Broad heads = extremely sharp and dangerous used for hunting they screw onto the tip in replacement of field Points.
- Spine = The amount of flex in the arrow
- Straightness = the building block of the arrow – how straight from the manufacturing process the arrow is. .001 is the best = most are .003 to .015 !!!!
F.O.C. = Front of Center balance point.
This measurement results from the relative weights of the components used in / on the arrow: shaft, insert, head, fletching, and nock. F.O.C. value range of 7-15 % is widely used as the best for a good balance between arrow range and arrow flight stability. If your calculated F.O.C. doesn’t fall with this range, don’t stress out. You can still have good arrow flight with an F.O.C. as high as 18 percent, but your range will not be as good. Try not to go below 7 percent.
Weight: If you’re concerned about your finished arrow weight or your F.O.C. balance it’s worth mentioning that your choice and size of fletching material will have a significant impact on both of those attributes. Since all of that weight is going to be concentrated in the rear of the arrow, heavy fletching material means a you’ll also need more tip weight to maintain a good F.O.C. balance.
What should you be looking for?
It is generally agreed that the optimal F.O.C.% balance for an arrow is somewhere between 7% and 15%. In the example on the above, the 30″ long arrow has balance point that is 3″ forward of the arrow’s actual center (15″). So it’s F.O.C. is 3/30 or 10% – a reasonable F.O.C. balance.
how to figure out a F.O.C. you can do this 2 ways; manually or with a Calculator = just use the calculator it’s much easier
How much Kinetic energy do you need? here is a good guide to go by – between 25 and 65 is great for all big and small game.
Remember the more arrow weight / mass = slower speeds
The anatomy of the front end of an arrow
The anatomy of the back end of an arrow